Two complementary final rules have been issued by EPA covering, first, protection of underground sources of drinking water in areas where CO2 is sequestered into the subsurface and, second, reporting of the injected CO2 under the federal GHG mandatory reporting rule.
The geologic sequestration rule creates a new well class—Class VI.
The rule is voluntary and does not require any entity to capture and/or sequester CO2. The program will be run by states that obtain primacy from EPA.
The reporting rule covers all facilities that conduct geologic sequestration of CO2 plus any other facilities that inject CO2 underground for any reason, including enhanced oil and gas recovery.
For sequestration, facilities must develop and implement an EPA-approved site-specific monitoring, reporting, and verification plan and report the amount of CO2 sequestered using a mass balance approach.
Facilities must submit their first reports by March 31, 2012, for regulated activities conducted in 2011.
INFO: Contact BLR’s Tim Fagan at 800-727-5257, Ext. 2196.